5.2 Teacher Education

In this section: - Qualifications and requirements to become a teacher - Teacher training institutions in Sierra Leone - How to conduct student practice

Rules: Teacher Education

On this page: 

General Rules 

School Practice

The second practice takes place during the first term of the last year of the course.

For further details see Teacher Education processes.

Distance Learning

Process: How to enrol at a teacher training college

Admission criteria is specific for each course. The applicant should complete their application on the college’s website and, if it meets the criteria of WASSCE credits, the TTC will follow up with an admission interview. Criteria are the following.

Teacher Certificate (TC)

Higher Teacher Certificate (HTC)-Primary


Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.)

Post-graduate Diploma



Process: How to enrol in a part-time distance teacher education course

Part-time distance teacher education courses are offered by TTCs and the SLTU.

To enrol in a distance part-time teacher education course at a TTC, the applicant must: apply online to the respective institution; be a serving teacher; attach a letter from the school leader; pass an admission exam in English; and attend an admission interview.

Best Practice: How to arrange and supervise student practice

For further details and instruction please refer to Teacher Mentoring: An Intensive Course for School-based Teacher Mentors TSC, 2019.

The TTC sends a letter asking the school to accept the student for their practice period, stating the requirements of practice.

The school selects a mentor to supervise and guide the student during the practice period

The TTC selects a mentor (supervisor) amongst the lecturers at the school to supervise the process and ensure the learning targets are met.

The supervisor, the school head, the mentor and the student prepare a plan for the practice to ensure all learning and observation needs are covered.

Following the first practice, the students’ mentor and supervisor record their comments on the student’s performance. The student is expected to improve during their second practice period.

Once each practice is complete, the TTC and school assess the student’s learning and achievements, which may also include a test.

Focus areas and procedures for student practice are given in the Manual for Mentoring. School practice.


In general, school practice should cover:






Further Reading: Introduction to teacher education

Pre-service teacher education, which is offered by Teacher Training Colleges (TTCs), provides the foundation for a teacher’s professional competencies and performance in the classroom. The quality of teaching in schools directly reflects the quality of pre-service teacher education.

It is essential that teaching at the TTCs is of a very high standard and forward looking. TTC curriculums must reflect the latest curriculum taught in schools and TTCs must equip students with effective learner-orientated teaching methods. Furthermore, TTCs must provide students with a good grasp of IT and internet technologies so they can apply these in teaching and equip pupils for the contemporary labour market.  

It is government policy that all teachers in primary and secondary schools must be qualified. Therefore, current teachers without a recognised certificate or degree should avail themselves of opportunities for distance and in-service training offered by TTCs to acquire the necessary qualifications.  

Teacher education is offered at TTCs in all regions of Sierra Leone. Degree courses for subject specialisation are offered at universities.

Institutions responsible for teacher education

Ministry of Technical and Higher Education

The Ministry of Technical and Higher Education (MTHE) has the overall responsibility for all tertiary education in the country and for the education of teachers and school leaders. Amongst its duties, the Ministry certifies and registers tertiary education institutions, prepares education statistics and reports, conducts supervision of institutions, resources and facilities, and ensures the quality and relevance of education.

Teacher Training Colleges

Teacher Education is offered at the following Teacher Training Colleges:

Fourah Bay College, University of Sierra Leone (FBC-USL), Freetown

Njala University (NU), Bo

Ernest Bai Koroma University of Science & Technology (EBKUST), Makeni

Eastern Polytechnic (EP), Kenema

Milton Margai College of Education and Technology (MMCET), Freetown

Freetown Teachers’ College (FTC)


Awarding & accreditation bodies


The Teacher Professional Development and Performance Department in the TSC is an important partner in the education of teachers. The quality of education in schools reflects the quality of education at TTCs so coordination between TSC and the TTCs is essential.